#MANG2049 – What now?

#MANG2049 has come to an end. I thought #MANG2049 would be “easier” and less challenging than learning in the traditional manner. However, as the sessions progress, I find that it gets more challenging – the more I learn, the more my viewschange. I believe that the new knowledge and insights that I garnered will follow me in the years to come.

For the past 12 sessions, we have been discussing online behaviour and actions. But, has it led to any changes in myself?

To start off, let’s take a look at a summary of my self-test…


Fig 1.1 | Before vs. After #MANG2049 (Original content with reference to self-test)


Fig 1.2 | Before vs. After #MANG2049 (Original content with reference to self-test)

Before #MANG2049

The internet was always my safe haven. One of my favourite activity to do is to dive deep into Wikipedia until coming across a weird and slightly creepy page. I learnt how to evaluate the information I received by simply “googling” them to check if any reputable sites mentioned similar information. Unfortunately, I was unaware of any other methods of evaluating online sources.

In this digital world, communication with your loved ones online is as important as communicating with them offline.

“Did you really hang out together when there’s no post about it on Instagram?”

– A friend of mine

I shared personal details about my life with the intention of sharing them with my friends and family only on SNS. However, some of this information can be view by the public due to the unchanged privacy settings.

As for my professional profiles, I am aware of the platforms available to be used for professional networking. However, I am not active on such platforms.

After #MANG2049

I now understand the importance of your digital identity and how it might affect your employment status. In fact, a whopping 70% of employers look into candidates’ social media profiles before making a decision (Slam, 2017)!

I was introduced to the concept of digital residents or visitors. Take a look at Fig 1.3 for my Resident-Visitor Map:

Resident-Visitor Map.jpg

Fig 1.3 | Self-produced Resident-Visitor Map based on JISC

After completing the map, I realised that I am a digital resident. This means that I view the internet as a space for social communication and networking by sharing personal information while maintaining and developing a digital identity (White and Le Cornu, 2011). However, this too puts my personal information at risk as it can be accessed by the public. The low level of privacy and security makes me vulnerable to identity theft.

Take a look at Fig 1.4 for my personal learning network (PLN):

Screen Shot 2017-11-22 at 11.17.25 PM.png

Fig 1.4 | Personal Learning Network from moocpln

My PLN further shows that I am a digital resident. From the map, we can see that I tend to gather information online and that most of my interaction takes place on the web. By appreciating how the internet is so readily available for me, it motivates me to utilize it to its full potential.

Finding out about how huge the “fake news” ecosystem is, I learnt that digital literacy is very important as it helps in the evaluation process of determining what is fake. This is crucial as it looks like “fake news” cannot be prevented (Chua, 2017).

Building an online identity is important as it is not possible to be completely anonymous online (Pew Research Center, 2013). I found out that I have multiple identities online which pushes me to have a clear segregation between professional and personal profiles while remaining “authentic”.

Other than the valuable insights gained, I also learnt to create media using various different platforms, like Powtoon and Canva! I think that I would find these new skills are extremely useful, especially when I have to give a presentation when I enter the corporate world in the future.

Watch the video below, summing up what I found out about myself:

Source: Original content

Major changes made…

Firstly, I changed my personal profiles to private, making my content available to my loved ones only. Changing my profile pictures to the same for consistency as I want to show that I am professional, even on my personal profiles.

There are much-needed changes in my professional profiles. I was not making full potential of those to build a professional digital identity for myself.

I believe that by building professional networks of the same interest online will help me stay connected and up-to-date with the industry. Thus, I started to follow users, companies, etc. with the same interest.

Screen Shot 2017-11-27 at 4.46.22 PM.png

Fig 1.5 | New following on Twitter

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Fig 1.6 | New following on LinkedIn (Companies)

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Fig 1.7 | New following on LinkedIn (Topics)

Next, I started to be more active by participating in the online communities.

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Fig 1.8 | Screenshot of Article posted on LinkedIn

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Fig 1.9 | Screenshot of interaction on MOOC

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Fig 1.10 | Screenshot of uploaded videos on YouTube

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Fig 1.11 | Screenshot of WordPress comment

Through interaction on these platforms, I found out that online platforms allow us to learn from one another. I believe that the changes to my professional identity online will help me in differentiating myself from other candidates in the eye of the employer in the future.

View the slideshow below for a summary of changes I did to my profiles.

Summary of changes:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Source: Original Content

In the Future

As an aspiring events manager, I plan to utilise the web to its full potential to help me fulfil my goals. This means that I have to acquire more knowledge to improve my digital literacy skills. I plan to do so by taking up digital courses provided by the university. Furthermore, research has shown that digital literacy skills can boost employability (The Guardian, 2011). I plan to look for relevant work opportunities through job recruitment sites. So, it is very important to keep my online identity clean.

I also plan to continue building connections using my professional profiles and to continue to be active on these platforms by continuing to blog on LinkedIn and WordPress. I aim to build trust with my audience by showing consistency in my profiles and work. I hope as time goes by, I will be fully equipped with the network skills and digital literacies, transforming into the flexible lifelong learner – #MANG2049 has taught me.

Word count: 896

Professional Profiles:





Online Portfolio


70% of employers are snooping candidates’ social media profiles | CareerBuilder . 2017. 70% of employers are snooping candidates’ social media profiles | CareerBuilder . [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.careerbuilder.com/advice/social-media-survey-2017. [Accessed 27 November 2017].

Jisc. 2017. Mapping process | Jisc. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.jisc.ac.uk/guides/evaluating-digital-services/mapping-process. [Accessed 27 November 2017].

firstmonday.org. 2011. No page title. [ONLINE] Available at: http://firstmonday.org/article/view/3171/3049. [Accessed 28 November 2017].

PLN Map. 2017. PLN Map. [ONLINE] Available at: https://moocpln.rsgsoton.net/. [Accessed 27 November 2017].

Alicia Chua. 2017. TOPIC 2 Reflection: Really? – Alicia Chua. [ONLINE] Available at: https://aliciachuaps.wordpress.com/2017/11/17/topic-2-reflection-really/. [Accessed 28 November 2017].

Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. 2013. Anonymity, Privacy, and Security Online | Pew Research Center. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/2013/09/05/anonymity-privacy-and-security-online/. [Accessed 28 November 2017].

Techopedia.com. 2017. What is a Social Networking Site (SNS)? – Definition from Techopedia. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.techopedia.com/definition/4956/social-networking-site-sns. [Accessed 28 November 2017].

YouTube. 2017. What am I online? – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRKDvtktLzc&rel=0. [Accessed 27 November 2017].

The Guardian. 2011. Digital literacy can boost employability and improve student experience | Higher Education Network | The Guardian. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2011/dec/15/digital-literacy-employability-student-experience. [Accessed 28 November 2017].

Topic 3: Are you Real (Pt II)? Play safe…


Are we authentic? As mentioned in my previous post, having multiple identities results in a low authenticity. But, does having a single identity generally make users more authentic?

Through my discussion with Amoz, I learnt that even though profile experimentation(“more real” or “idealized” identities)exists – these profiles reflect the same digital breadcrumbs of the same persona – a different symptom for the same core self (The Guardian, 2017).

My discussion with Pearl, further reinforce my thoughts on how authenticity can be measured in online identities. She mentioned that it is crucial to evaluate the objectivity of the identities before making a decision on what is “authentic” or not – bringing us back to Topic 2.

Interestingly, Hine (2008) states that the authenticity of users is linked to trust -the “authenticity” of information given/ received depends on the trust between users and their audience (Hine, 2008). So, who is to say that multiple identities are “less authentic”?

Interesting take on trust as a factor in receiving authentic information on SNS:

Screen Shot 2017-11-22 at 9.22.05 PM.png

Fig 1.2 | Research model by Lo, Janice and Riemenschneider, Cindy, 2010

Back to online identities, Amoz’s post got me thinking about online privacy. He states that online privacy is the ability to personalised information to the different social scopes.

“Different sites, different audiences, different purposes.” she says. “Very simple.”

boyd, 2016

Online privacy concerns have been on the rise – especially true in the USA, where the NSA conducted a mass surveillance operation in 2013 (Harvard Gazette, 2017).

The information users put online can be exploited for social media tracking, political leanings, loyalty cards, in-store location and smartphone battery (to name a few) (Makeuseof, 2017). Below are some security measures internet users can take:


Fig 1.1 | Net Privacy graphics by Coleman/ Harvard Staff

What exactly is Online Security? Take a look at the video below:

Source: Self-produced using various sources

To sum up, the authenticity of online identities is dependent on the trust between users and audience. While users should take extra measures on privacy and security, regardless of their choice of online identity. Stay safe on the web!

Word Count: 299


Pearl Ng

Amoz Kuang



Hine, Christine, 2008. Virtual Ethnography: Modes, Varieties, Affordances. edited by Nigel G Fielding, Raymond M Lee, Grant Blank, I, 263-265.

amoz’s mind. 2017. Mask Off? | amoz’s mind. [ONLINE] Available at: https://amozk.wordpress.com/2017/11/20/mask-off/. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

The Guardian. 2017. How different are your online and offline personalities? | Media Network | The Guardian. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2015/sep/24/online-offline-personality-digital-identity. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

Living on the Web with Pearl. 2017. Single or Multiple Online Identities: What’s the drawback and benefits? – Living on the Web with Pearl. [ONLINE] Available at: https://pearlnlt.wordpress.com/2017/11/20/single-or-multiple-online-identities-whats-the-drawback-and-benefits/. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

Engadget. 2017. Having multiple online identities is more normal than you think. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.engadget.com/2016/03/04/multiple-online-identities/. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

Harvard Gazette. 2017. When it comes to internet privacy, be very afraid, analyst suggests | Harvard Gazette. [ONLINE] Available at: https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2017/08/when-it-comes-to-internet-privacy-be-very-afraid-analyst-suggests/. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

Lifewire. 2017. What is an Internet Service Provider (ISP)?. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.lifewire.com/internet-service-provider-isp-2625924. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

MakeUseOf. 2017. 5 Ways Your Information Is Being Exploited Every Day. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/your-information-exploited/. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

Security | Definition of Security by Merriam-Webster. 2017. Security | Definition of Security by Merriam-Webster. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/security. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

YouTube. 2017. Online Security – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQXC0cNWbw0. [Accessed 22 November 2017].

Lo, Janice and Riemenschneider, Cindy, “An Examination of Privacy Concerns and Trust Entities in Determining Willingness to Disclose Personal Information on a Social Networking Site” (2010). AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. 46. http://aisel.aisnet.org/amcis2010/46


Topic 3: Who are you?

Our identity is shaped by our actions, determining other’s perception of us (Hoffman, 2017). In the digital world, we too develop an online identity – shaped by our ACTIVE actions on the web. While, our choice of online identity (Single, Multiple or Anonymous) could be influenced by our digital differences (Futurelearn, 2017), does it affects your “authenticity”?

Online identity.jpg

Fig 1.1 | Self-produced Online Identity Pros and Cons Infographic (Futurelearn,2017)

Being “authentic” is conforming to original features that is not false or imitated. While being “authentic” to one’s identity means being true to one’s own personality, spirit, or character (Merriam-Webster, 2017). It is clear that harboring an anonymous identity is inauthentic. However, the lines remain blurred with single and multiple identities. Let’s take a look at the video I created for some insights on their levels of online authenticity.

Vid 1.1| Self-produced video using Powtoon, using various sources

“…to allow all users to be as authentic or inauthentic as they choose, no matter how fluid, contextual, and socially constructed that identity may be.”

Haimson; Hoffmann, 2017

Theoretically, having a single identity on the web is more authentic. However, there have been debates about what being authentic (online or offline) means. Taking Facebook as an example – Facebook profiles are tied to a person’s real name and connections, and to their activities across cyberspace (The Guardian, 2017). However, some users use this opportunity to experiment around with their profiles – either being “more-real” online compared to their offline identities or becoming their “ideal” self online rather than their “actual” self (Haimson; Hoffmann, 2017).

Having a single identity raises concerns about privacy and security due to the traceable digital footprint. In the 2015 figures alone, an increase of 1266% in online frauds was recorded –  including a £113 million cyber-fraud (costing the UK £124 million in cybercrime) (SC Media UK, 2017). The rising number of online identity fraud caused users to be more concern about their personal data – resulting in the Personal Data Protection Act in Singapore (PDPC, 2017).

Although, single identity allows users to appear more “authentic”, is it worth the risk? Or, is it better to stay under the “safety umbrella” having multiple identities offers?

Word Count: 300


FutureLearn. 2017. What is your network identity? – Learning in the Network Age – University of Southampton. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/learning-network-age/3/steps/263025. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

Techopedia.com. 2017. What is a Digital Identity? – Definition from Techopedia. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.techopedia.com/definition/23915/digital-identity. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

Shape Your Identity Or It Will Shape You. 2017. Shape Your Identity Or It Will Shape You. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.reidhoffman.org/article/2166. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

Authentic | Definition of Authentic by Merriam-Webster. 2017. Authentic | Definition of Authentic by Merriam-Webster. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/authentic. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

YouTube. 2017. Online Identities – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r7x0Fz0Ip5I&rel=0. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

The Guardian. 2017. Online identity: is authenticity or anonymity more important? | Technology | The Guardian. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/apr/19/online-identity-authenticity-anonymity. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

firstmonday.org. 2017. No page title. [ONLINE] Available at: http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/6791/5521. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

SC Media UK. 2017. Data Privacy Day 2017: over 420 billion records stolen in 2016, time for a change?. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.scmagazineuk.com/data-privacy-day-2017-over-420-billion-records-stolen-in-2016-time-for-a-change/article/634518/. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

Personal Data Protection Act Overview . 2017. Personal Data Protection Act Overview . [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.pdpc.gov.sg/legislation-and-guidelines/overview. [Accessed 20 November 2017].

TOPIC 2 Reflection: Really?

Can “Fake News” be prevented? Before jumping into the “prevention of fake news”, let me cover some contributions on how we receive news digitally. Take a look at the video below for information on Echo Chambers and Filter Bubbles.

Source: Self-produced using POWTOON

Now that we understand how digital information is delivered to us. Let’s look at how we can evaluate them using the “PROMPT” and “CRAAP” method.

Evaluating Information.jpg

Fig 1.1 | Self-produced infographic on “PROMPT” method


Fig 1.2 | Self-produced infographic on “CRAAP” method

Fake News?


Fig 2.1|Weapons of Fake news by Media Matters

Jocelyn’s post shows us how to further evaluate “Fake news” with an interesting exercise. I also found out that Buzzfeed, a popular site, is the least “trustworthy” for information!

Through my discussion with Jocelyn, I found out that researchers from Cambridge believe by “preemptively exposing” people to fake news, readers will begin to develop a resistance to it – they call it the “psychological vaccine” (Walton, 2017).  This brings us to the prevention of “Fake news”…

Can it be prevented?

“Therefore, efforts to overcome a post-truth society should be conscious of two things: the digital, information and data literacy of the individual as well as the environment the information lives in. ”

Chong, 2017

Shanelle’s post shows that it is crucial for individuals and organization (news providers and news websites) to take steps to curate their news feed. She also listed some methods on how the user and organization could take when dealing with “Fake news”.


Fig 2.2 | Dealing with Misinformation infographic by Shanelle

Through my discussion with her in the comments, I found out that a survey conducted shows that 51% of the respondents think that the information environment will not improve because the fake news ecosystem preys on our deepest human instincts and that our brains are not wired to contend with technological change (Pew Research Centre, 2017). Furthermore, creating “Fake news” can be turned profitable – earning up to $10,000 a day (Marketplace, 2017)!

To sum it up, I think that “Fake news” cannot be prevented (especially now that we know it is a money-making machine). However, we can educate each other on how to navigate the internet – differentiating real from fake news. Let’s work together to make the internet a better place!

Word Count: 297


Jocelyn Goh

Shanelle Chong



Evaluation using PROMPT. 2017. Evaluation using PROMPT. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.open.ac.uk/libraryservices/beingdigital/objects/87/index.htm. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Nina Exner. 2017. The CRAAP test – Evaluating Web Resources – LibGuides at North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University. [ONLINE] Available at: http://libguides.library.ncat.edu/content.php?pid=53820&sid=394505. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

FutureLearn. 2017. Media Literacy – Learning in the Network Age – University of Southampton. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/learning-network-age/3/steps/263021. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Ars Technica. 2017. The social media “echo chamber” is real | Ars Technica. [ONLINE] Available at: https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/03/the-social-media-echo-chamber-is-real/. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Tuck School of Business | Escaping the Echo Chamber. 2017. Tuck School of Business | Escaping the Echo Chamber. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.tuck.dartmouth.edu/news/articles/escaping-the-echo-chamber. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Medium. 2017. Designing to Escape the Filter Bubble – The Graph – Medium. [ONLINE] Available at: https://medium.com/the-graph/designing-to-escape-the-filter-bubble-2d83b76e5ce. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

NOTICE NIC.. 2017. WEIGHING UP INFORMATION CREDIBILITY – NOTICE NIC.. [ONLINE] Available at: https://noticenic.wordpress.com/2017/11/15/weighing-up-information-credibility/. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Living and Working on the Web. 2017. Overcoming Misinformation – Living and Working on the Web. [ONLINE] Available at: https://shanellecky.wordpress.com/2017/11/15/141/#comments. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. 2017. The Future of Truth and Misinformation Online | Pew Research Center. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/10/19/the-future-of-truth-and-misinformation-online/. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Marketplace from APM. 2017. Let’s do the numbers: the business of fake news. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.marketplace.org/2016/11/22/business/let-s-do-numbers-business-fake-news. [Accessed 17 November 2017].

Alice G. Walton. 2017. ‘Psychological Vaccine’ May Protect Against Fake News, Alternative Facts. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2017/01/23/psychological-vaccine-may-protect-against-fake-news-alternative-facts/#69b34ac520ef. [Accessed 17 November 2017].




“Fake news” has been around since the final war of the Roman Republic (that’s in 30BC). It is when information is used as a weapon, to support and settle dissidence, or to simply, discredit real sources (The Telegraph, 2017). Before the rise of the internet, information distribution costs more and it is only effective with the presence of trust (which takes years to build)!

With the rise of social media,  the barriers to creating fake news have been undone – allowing anyone to create and distribute information. So, how do we validate what is real online? Check the video below out to find out how:

Evaluating the source based on the 5 criteria (author, audience, review process, currency, and perspective) is only limited to one’s digital literacy.



It is the ability to use, create and share digital content safely and responsibly. Digital literacy includes media, data and information literacy. Working together, they can provide an individual the best evaluation process.

Abandoned childrens are range from birth to teenagers..jpg

Fig 1.1 | Self-produced Media Literacy infographic using Canva

Infomation literacy is the ability to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate and use effectively the needed infomation.

Data literacy is the ability to collect, manage, evaluate and apply data.

However the digital literacy of an individual can be affected by the digital differences one faces. This in turn, affects the ability to evaluate the sources – evaluating what is real from fake.

“…the solution to fake news isn’t better technology; it’s better people.”

– Standage, 2017

Providing people with digital knowledge and ability can allow them to be better internet users. However, it all boils down to one’s character – to create/distribute wrong infomation. Taking an example from the news hoax Facebook and Google faced from the Las Vegas shooting, where many internet users shared wrong information posted by satire/ hate blogs. This could be prevented if users and organizations validate their sources before posting.

Word Count: 295


Media literacy – Wikiversity. 2017. Media literacy – Wikiversity. [ONLINE] Available at: https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Media_literacy. [Accessed 15 November 2017].

The Telegraph. 2017. Fake news: What exactly is it – and can it really swing an election?. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/0/fake-news-exactly-has-really-had-influence/. [Accessed 15 November 2017].

YouTube. 2017. How to Evaluate Sources – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bZ122WakNDY. [Accessed 15 November 2017].

http://www.imda.gov.sg. 2017. No page title. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.imda.gov.sg/community/consumer-education/digital-literacy. [Accessed 15 November 2017].

1843. 2017. The true history of fake news | 1843. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.1843magazine.com/technology/rewind/the-true-history-of-fake-news. [Accessed 15 November 2017].

Topic 1: Online or Offline?


online-vs-traditional-ed-everglow.jpgSource: iconacademe.com

Learning is a knowledge acquired by study (Merriam-Webster, 2017). In today’s society, learning takes place offline or online. Based on the comments on my blog, we can see that learning preferences differ from each individual. I ended my previous post, with a question on the outcomes of learning online and offline. My reflection post will cover my thoughts on this matter…

A recent 93-page report on online education, conducted by SRI International for the Department of Education, has a starchy academic title, but a most intriguing conclusion: “On average, students in online learning conditions performed better than those receiving face-to-face instruction.” (Lohr, 2017)

Looking the findings of the report, online learning is better – providing unlimited resources. However, digital learning can be affected by digital differences people faced and the online practices of individuals.

Fig 1.1 | Utilising the Internet

Looking at Fig 1.1, we can see that to fully utilize the internet, one must acquire both the motivation and the resources to do so. Even though demographic and geographical factors come into play in digital learning, it all boils down to the motivation to broaden their knowledge.

In my comments on Marianne’s and Shih Ying’s blog, I focused on age as a factor and contribution to the motivation for digital learning. Age affects our interpretation of certain values or ideas. However, with the help of a facilitator, we should be able to retrieve similar ideas.

Marianne’s mentioned that it is beneficial for the people to be aware of the technological advancements as long as they are willing to learn. To add on, Shanelle mentioned that it is crucial to communicate the value of the internet before teaching technical skills. I agree with both of statements that digital learning is only effective with motivation and knowledge of its value.

In conclusion, I feel that debating if one learning style is better than the other is subjective. Online learning can be more beneficial than learning offline. However, it will only fully benefit someone who appreciates it and, likewise, for offline learning.

Ending off with a video of Alibaba’s New Retail Concept. Enjoy!

Word Count: 300


Learning | Definition of Learning by Merriam-Webster. 2017. Learning | Definition of Learning by Merriam-Webster. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/learning. [Accessed 14 November 2017].

Steve Lohr. 2017. Study Finds That Online Education Beats the Classroom – The New York Times. [ONLINE] Available at: https://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/19/study-finds-that-online-education-beats-the-classroom/. [Accessed 14 November 2017].

Amoz’s Journal. 2017. Digital Differences – Interactions & Implications (Topic 1) | Amoz’s Journal. [ONLINE] Available at: https://amozk.wordpress.com/2017/11/10/digital-differences-interactions-implications-topic-1/. [Accessed 14 November 2017].

Marianne’s Soliloquy. 2017. Topic 1: Impact of Digital Differences – Marianne’s Soliloquy. [ONLINE] Available at: https://hellomariannetan.wordpress.com/2017/11/10/topic-1-impact-of-digital-differences/. [Accessed 14 November 2017].

Living and Working on the Web. 2017. Digital Differences: How Experience Changes the Way You Interact with the Web – Living and Working on the Web. [ONLINE] Available at: https://shanellecky.wordpress.com/2017/11/10/digital-differences-how-experience-changes-the-way-you-interact-with-the-web/. [Accessed 14 November 2017].

Topic 1: Digital Differences

Privileges affect individual capacity. In society, social privileges allow an individual to utilize all privileges extended to their community in order to improve their own individual position (MSS Research, 2017). This post will discuss how these “Digital Differences” impact how we interact in the digital world and my personal interaction with the web.

Digital Differences refers to the differences between those with and without internet access (Pew Research Center, 2017). They can be categorized as;

  1. “Privileged”:  individuals with internet access
  2. “Underprivileged”: individuals without internet access

Digital privileges are shaped by the nature of our individual lives (FutureLearn,2017). Take a look at the below graphs to have a clearer idea of how demographics affect internet access.

Screen Shot 2017-11-10 at 10.52.19 PM

Fig 1.1 | Household Income affecting Internet access

Screen Shot 2017-11-10 at 10.52.33 PM

Fig 1.2 | Education level affecting Internet access

Screen Shot 2017-11-10 at 10.52.43 PM

Fig 1.3 | Age affecting Internet access

However, this categorization is not very accurate as some users are able to utilize the internet but have no qualms about doing so. This is a reflection of the Online Practices of said individuals. It is usually affected by their personal values, social beliefs, and the expectations others place on them (FutureLearn,2017).

I agree that digital differences impact learning by affecting the availability of online resources. However, it is dependent on the online practices of individuals if they were to utilize the resources.

In my case, growing with the internet had given me time to develop my practice towards digital learning. Demographics factors and my geographical location have contributed to my positive attitude towards online learning, enabling me to absorb knowledge in ease and the comfort the internet provides – relying on Dr. Google every now and then when I have any questions. However, I think that learning, in general, relies on your curious mind and not solely on your learning processes. One can always debate that digital learning makes it easier to attain learning resources, but does the outcome of learning on the web or offline differs?

Word Count: 300


A Structural Definition Of Social Privilege | MSS Research. 2017. A Structural Definition Of Social Privilege | MSS Research. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.mssresearch.org/?q=Structural_Definition_of_Social_Privilege. [Accessed 10 November 2017].

Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. 2017. Who’s Not Online | Pew Research Center. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/2000/09/21/whos-not-online/. [Accessed 10 November 2017].

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Introductory Post: Digital Vistors or Digital Residents

In the digital world, we are categorized into two groups; Digital Residents and Vistors; based on how we see the internet (White and Le Cornu, 2011). In this post, I will discuss the concepts of the digital resident and visitor and my thoughts on where I stand in the digital world.

Digital Resident sees the web as a place to make social communication and networking by sharing personal information. They also use the web to maintain and develop a digital identity by generating digital content. Often, the lines of content and persona are blurred in the eyes of the resident (White and Le Cornu, 2011).

Digital Visitor sees the Web as primarily a set of tools which deliver or manipulate content – leaving no social trace. They need to see some concrete benefit resulting from their use of the platform (White and Le Cornu, 2011).

I identify myself in a position of a Digital Resident. I believe that my online presence can be separated into personal and professional.

Participating online: I do not actively participate in online communities by providing personal insights and merely read on the resident’s insights – only to bring them up during non-virtual communication, or a private online message to my peers.

Online identity, privacy, and security: My personal social media accounts are mostly private, and only open to a select few. My professional accounts, on the other hand, are public. These enable me to keep track on how I am viewed on a professional and personal level online. Although keeping your personal and professional digital lives apart can be tricky, we can simply make use of the digital system (e.g. privacy system, blocking, etc.) to forge “personal” relationships on a professional level.

Ending off, identifying yourself digitally helps to see where you are positioned online.

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