Can “Fake News” be prevented? Before jumping into the “prevention of fake news”, let me cover some contributions on how we receive news digitally. Take a look at the video below for information on Echo Chambers and Filter Bubbles.
Source: Self-produced using POWTOON
Now that we understand how digital information is delivered to us. Let’s look at how we can evaluate them using the “PROMPT” and “CRAAP” method.
Fig 1.1 | Self-produced infographic on “PROMPT” method
Fig 1.2 | Self-produced infographic on “CRAAP” method
Fig 2.1|Weapons of Fake news by Media Matters
Jocelyn’s post shows us how to further evaluate “Fake news” with an interesting exercise. I also found out that Buzzfeed, a popular site, is the least “trustworthy” for information!
Through my discussion with Jocelyn, I found out that researchers from Cambridge believe by “preemptively exposing” people to fake news, readers will begin to develop a resistance to it – they call it the “psychological vaccine” (Walton, 2017). This brings us to the prevention of “Fake news”…
Can it be prevented?
“Therefore, efforts to overcome a post-truth society should be conscious of two things: the digital, information and data literacy of the individual as well as the environment the information lives in. ”
Shanelle’s post shows that it is crucial for individuals and organization (news providers and news websites) to take steps to curate their news feed. She also listed some methods on how the user and organization could take when dealing with “Fake news”.
Fig 2.2 | Dealing with Misinformation infographic by Shanelle
Through my discussion with her in the comments, I found out that a survey conducted shows that 51% of the respondents think that the information environment will not improve because the fake news ecosystem preys on our deepest human instincts and that our brains are not wired to contend with technological change (Pew Research Centre, 2017). Furthermore, creating “Fake news” can be turned profitable – earning up to $10,000 a day (Marketplace, 2017)!
To sum it up, I think that “Fake news” cannot be prevented (especially now that we know it is a money-making machine). However, we can educate each other on how to navigate the internet – differentiating real from fake news. Let’s work together to make the internet a better place!
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Nina Exner. 2017. The CRAAP test – Evaluating Web Resources – LibGuides at North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University. [ONLINE] Available at: http://libguides.library.ncat.edu/content.php?pid=53820&sid=394505. [Accessed 17 November 2017].
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Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. 2017. The Future of Truth and Misinformation Online | Pew Research Center. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/10/19/the-future-of-truth-and-misinformation-online/. [Accessed 17 November 2017].
Marketplace from APM. 2017. Letâs do the numbers: the business of fake news. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.marketplace.org/2016/11/22/business/let-s-do-numbers-business-fake-news. [Accessed 17 November 2017].
Alice G. Walton. 2017. ‘Psychological Vaccine’ May Protect Against Fake News, Alternative Facts. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2017/01/23/psychological-vaccine-may-protect-against-fake-news-alternative-facts/#69b34ac520ef. [Accessed 17 November 2017].